The appearance of this valuable monument, as exposed at Paris on the floor of the Museum of the Louvre, is that of a very large antique bronze medallion. This zodiac is the only astronomical monument of the ancient Egyptians yet discovered which has a circular form. Various opinions have been brought forward as to the time of the erection of the temple in which the carving was found.
It is now generally considered to have been founded about the time when Egypt passed from Greek to Roman dominion, and to have been repaired under other emperors whose names have been deciphered on it. The date of the building has no connexion with that of the invention of the figures of the planisphere; these ancient and traditionally sacred emblems, no longer understood, were still venerated by the builders, and placed in it as mysterious memorials of the primeval religion of Egypt.
These names, thus given by Montucla, Hist. Their great antiquity may be seen from the Cubitus Nili, referring to the inundation of the Nile as under Leo, where the summer solstice, at which it takes place, only remained till about BC also from there being no allusion to the Scarabaeus, where it afterwards was introduced to mark the recession of the solstice to Cancer, which occurred about the time of the Christian era, Cancer being here called Statio Typhonis, station of Typhon, the enemy who smites and is smitten, to whom was consecrated the ass, mentioned in Genesis , and borne afterwards on the standard of the tribe of Issachar.
Tarot the Zodiac , Judaism connnection
Typhon was anciently figured by the Egyptians as having serpents for legs and girded with a serpent, thus identifying him with the serpent-enemy of Genesis. The name Isis, given to Taurus, is not here referred to the so-called goddess of after times, but to the verb y , to save, with the Egyptian pronoun masculine S affixed, "this saves. The fish is a well-known emblem of the early Christian Church, or congregation of the Lord, multitudinous in offspring, drawn out of the water, a frequent type in the New Testament, and by them often engraven on their tombs.
The Copts of the present time are believed to be the descendants of the ancient Egyptians. Their language is considered by Scaliger and others to be that of ancient Egypt, with a slight intermixture of Greek.
Their letters bear some resemblance to the enchorial or demotic character. Their language has no inflexions, but has letters and particles prefixed. This language exists in a translation of the Scriptures. Encyclopaedia Britannica. It will be remembered that figures of the Nile were frequently as veiled, and also that of Isis. The Biblical name is always Mizraim narrow, straitened , and in the dual number, perhaps as Upper and Lower Egypt.
Rees' Cyclopaedia. When Josephus says Yses or Isis meant in Egyptian "preserved," he evidently refers it to the root y , to save. Montucla says that among the Egyptians almost every thing belonged to Isis, Orus, or Osiris. Josephus: "In the Egyptian mythology Osiris is said to have been slain by Typhon when the sun was in Scorpio. When Manethon says that Hyc is "king" in the sacred tongue, he identifies the sacred with the ancient Hebrew language.
For the first years of the Hebrew chronology the summer solstice took place in Leo. After perhaps about years of that time, Egypt was settled and civilized, preserving prophetic and astronomical traditions from the Antediluvians, through Noah and Ham, their more immediate ancestors, to which these names testify. In the first thousand years of that time the inundation of the Nile occurred, while the sun was still in Leo, at the summer solstice; to this time then the origin of these names must be referred, where Pi Mentekeon, the pouring out, is translated Cubitus Nili.
The solstice passing into Cancer years BC, the Scarabaeus, an emblem of the sun of Egyptian origin, was introduced there; in the long zodiac evidently so.
Is The Iconic Dendera Zodiac of Ancient Egypt The Oldest Horoscope in the World?
In these names no allusion is made to it, but the original emblem of cattle is there Klaria, and Statio Typhonis, or the ass. Genesis The Scarabaeus was an emblem of the sun and of the human soul before it was placed in the zodiac to denote the solstice. In the long zodiac a large figure of the Scarabaeus is below the place of the sign Cancer, and a figure of another smaller kind of beetle seems ascending to the line of the signs near to the figure of a beeve, agreeing with the more ancient emblem of cattle, in Ceno-kir, the possession held, and Sartan, held fast, bound; this emblem, cattle, being still in memory, while in the planisphere it is not in the zodiac, but appears below in Argo.
The beetle, or Scarabaeus, has its head detached from the body or thorax ; that of the crab is not so divided. The name Klaria, the cattle-folds, points to the time before the beetle had been introduced into the zodiac, as it is acknowledged the Scarabaeus was by the later Egyptians.
The solstice had not receded into the sign Cancer till about BC , considered to be about years before the abiding of Abraham in Egypt, whether learning or teaching astronomy. Horus with a hawk's head, and Anubis with that of a dog, both names of the sun in the Egyptian triads, both in their primitive roots meaning 'He who cometh,' attend the scales, and sometimes seem to give additional weight to that of the heart. The primary meaning of the Noetic root Zadik is the equal poise of a pair of scales.
The scales and the balance are mentioned as divinely employed in Isaiah , in Daniel , and used as a prophetic emblem, Revelation Probably the guttural sound of would also be so expressed. The addition of the servile letters M or N is common in the ancient dialects, whether Shemitic Hebrew, Arabic, Syriac , or Hamitic as the Egyptian , as in the name of the country Mizraim, from rc , narrow, straitened, Num , as the valley of the Nile. The union of the divine and human nature, in Him who was to come, is expressed by a youth leading by the hand a young woman.
The man has the frequent appendage of the tail of a quadruped, signifying "this cometh. Shakespeare says of the aspic of Cleopatra, " worm of the Nile. It is vertical over Jerusalem once in every revolution of the earth, and Isa its name comes through the Greeks, as of Ariadne, who comes to reign. In Hebrew, it is "to come," b , in Latin and in modern languages often taking its sound of v. Hence a beast or beast's head is a hieroglyphic sign for "who comes.
Tametouris Ammon, Regnum Ammonis. Reign, dominion, government. Isa ,7 EV.
Egyptian Astronomy, Astrology, and Calendrical Reckoning | mindperzaqamil.tk
Ammon, established. Isa Jer Isis or Apis, Horias, Statio Hori. Isis, who saves or delivers. Zech Apis, the head. Apes, Egyptian; as Aleph, Heb. Jer Horias, who cometh, traveller,. Horias, to save. Clusus, Claustrum Hori. The place of Him who cometh, wayfaring man. Isa Klaria, Statio Typhonis. Klaria, cattle-folds.
Psa Statio Typhonis, who smites, is smitten. Nahum Pi Mentekeon, Cubitus Nili. Mentekeon, the pouring out. Exo Aspolia, Statio Amoris. Aspolia, lb h , ears of corn, the seed. Gen Lambadia, Statio propitiationis. Lam, Arab. Badia, branch. Eze Isias, Statio Isidis. Isias, salvation.
Pi Maere, Statio Amenitatis. Amenity, graciousness, beauty of the appearing or coming forth. Hupenius, Brachium sacrificii. Hupe, place or chamber. Nius, of Him having salvation. Hupei Tirion. Hupei, place or chamber. Tirion, of Him coming down as rain.